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Sika - Cold 3-Axis Spectrometer
Instrument Scientists
Dr Shin-ichiro Yano
Dr Chun-Ming Wu
Dr Kirrily Rule
Dr Guochu Deng

Instrument Cabin Phone
+61 2 9717 3728

SIKA---Taiwan First Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer Built at OPAL

Q-E MapThe construction project of the cold neutron, triple-axis spectrometer named SIKA was completed at the end of 2012.  In 2013, National Central University who lead the construction project handed over the instrument to the National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center to lead the commissioning and user program.   In September 2014 we will have our first call for proposals, and officially open the instrument to domestic and international users.

SIKA is equipped with a large (230 x 252 mm2) double-focusing graphite monochromators to provide a large neutron flux on sample.  A 13 blade horizontal focusing graphite analyser combined with He-3 tube or a one-dimensional position sensitive detector (48 wires) provides for great flexibility on how the neutrons are detected.

PhononThe combination of high neutron flux, good energy and momentum resolution, low background and a large dynamic range will make SIKA ideally suited to study of spin and lattice dynamics, magnon and phonon dispersion relations in single crystal sample.  Relaxation phenomena, critical scattering, soft-modes, and relaxation-effects in complex fluids, magnetism, ionic conductors, catalysts, H storage and functional energy-related materials will also play an important role in the science output of SIKA.  

Instrument location:
>Cold-Neutron Beam-Tube CG4 in reactor beam hall
>Pyrolytic Graphite (002), double focusing, incident energy range 2.43 < Ei < 30 meV
Flux at sample position:
>Expected to be ~2.4 x108 n/cm2s at 2.1 Å
(double focusing, virtual source width 5 cm)
Söller Collimators:
>Pre-monochromator, post-monochromator, pre-analyser collimators: open, 20’, 40’, 60’
>Pre-(single) detector collimators: open, 20’, 40’, 60’
>Pre-PSD collimator: radial collimator
Angular ranges:
>28.4o ≤ 2ΘM ≤ 120o
>-100o ≤ 2ΘS ≤ 100o
>-90o ≤ 2ΘA ≤ 90o
>Pyrolytic Graphite (002), 13 blades, each 20mm x 150mm (W x H), ±90˚ individually rotated
Available Filters:
>2 x PG filter
>Be filter works < 5 meV
>3He Single Detector
>1D Position Sensitive Detector (PSD)
Overall Information in SIKA Dashboard System Friendly Analysis Software for Data Plotting and Fitting

Heavy Loading Sample Stage and Diversified Sample Environments

Tilt angle range:CF4-bottom loader
Upper tilt angle : ± 13o
Lower tilt angle : ± 15o

XYZ Translation:
X travel range: ± 25 mm
Y travel range: ± 25 mm
Z travel range: ± 20 mm

Sample Rotation(ω):
Rotation range: ± 180o

Weight Capability:
With 5 Axes goniometer stage: 150 kg
S1 rotary stage: 650 kg
(Ref: 12 Magnet is ~550 kg)

List of Sample Environments
Code Name Description Temp range
AVM-1 12T asym., vertical field magnet 12 Tesla vertical field re-condensing magnet: 0.5T/min; it can accommodate dilution fridge. 1.5K-300K
CF-1 Cryofurnace, bottom loader Standard bottom loader for SIKA can reach 750K with high T insert; Can be used with electric field equipment. 8K-750K
CF-3 Cryofurnace, bottom loader Pooled bottom loader for general use can reach 750K with the high T insert 5K-750K
CF-4 Cryocooler, bottom loader Bottom loader can be used with electric field equipment or with 8T vertical field cryomagnet. 5K-300K
CF-7 Top loading, cryofurnace Top Loading AS Scientific Cryofurnace, it can reach 750K with full rang sample stick. 4K to 750K
CF-9 Top loading, cryofurnace Top Loading cryostat, it can be used with 8T vertical field cryomagnet. 2K to 300K
DL-1 Dilution fridge Dilution fridge can be used drop the minimum temperature to 0.05K Min: 0.05K
F-1 ILL-type vacuum furnace The 1600°C ILL-type high vacuum furnace is heated by passing up to 300 A through a thin niobium element. Max: 1600°C
OC-1 Orange Cryostat LHe wet cryostat 1.5K-300K
OS-1 He-3 one-shot fridge Helium 3 cooled one shot fridge to be used with the orange cryostat OC-1 0.5K FOR 8hrs
VD-1 XCS vapour delivery system The Hiden Isochema XCS system is available for in-situ static or dynamic vapour delivery provides a maximum rate of 500 mL per minute Max: 50°C
 SIKA Publications
1SIKA-the multiplexing cold-neutron triple-axis spectrometer at ANSTO
C.-M. Wu,G. Deng, J.S. Gardner,P. Vorderwisch, W.-H. Li, S. Yano, J.-C. Peng and E. Imamovicc
Journal of Instrumentation, Volume 11, October (2016) ANSTO (IF=1.258)
2Correlations and dynamics of spins in an XY-like spin-glass (Ni0.4Mn0.6)TiO3 single-crystal system
R. S. Solanki, S. -H. Hsieh, C. H Du, G. Deng, C. W. Wang, J. S. Gardner, H. Tonomoto, T. Kimura, and W. F. Pong
Phys. Rev. B 95, 024425 (2017) ANSTO (IF=3.813)
3Local bonds anomalies and dynamics in bismuth ferrite
J. W. Lin, J. S. Gardner, C.-W. Wang, G. Deng, C. M. Wu, V. K. Peterson, and J. G. Lin*
AIP ADVANCES 7, 055836 (2017) ANSTO (IF=1.653)
4Magnetic correlations in the intermetallic antiferromagnet Nd3Co4Sn13
C W Wang, J W Lin, C S Lue, H F Liu, C N Kuo, R A Mole, and J S Gardner
J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 29, 435801 (2017) ANSTO (IF=2.332)
5Suppression of Magnetic Order before the Superconducting Dome in MnP
Shin-ichiro Yano*, Diane Lançon, Henrik M. Rønnow, Thomas C. Hansen, Eric Ressouche, Navid Qureshi, Bachir Ouladdiaf, and Jason S. Gardner
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan 87, 023703 (2018) ANSTO, ILL (IF=1.485)
6Spin-glass ground state in a triangular-lattice compound YbZnGaO4
Zhen Ma, Jinghui Wang, Zhao-Yang Dong, Jun Zhang, Shichao Li, Shu-Han Zheng, Yunjie Yu, Wei Wang, Liqiang Che, Kejing Ran, Song Bao, Zhengwei Cai, P. Čermák, A. Schneidewind, S. Yano, J. S. Gardner, Xin Lu, Shun-Li Yu, Jun-Ming Liu, Shiyan Li, Jian-Xin Li, and Jinsheng Wen
Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 087201 (2018) ANSTO (IF=8.839)
7Spin dynamics and magnetoelectric coupling mechanism of Co4Nb2O9
Guochu Deng*, Yiming Cao, Wei Ren, Shixun Cao,* Andrew J. Studer, Nicolas Gauthier, Michel Kenzelmann, Gene Davidson, Kirrily C. Rule, Jason S. Gardner, Paolo Imperia, Clemens Ulrich, and Garry J. McIntyre
Phys. Rev. B 97, 085154 (2018) ANSTO (IF=3.813)
8The Martensitic Transformation in Indium-Thallium Alloys
T. R. Finlayson, G. J. McIntyre, and K. C. Rule
The Minerals, Metals and Materials Series, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76968-4_45 (2018) ANSTO (IF=)
9Low-energy spin dynamics of orthoferrites AFeO3 (A = Y, La, Bi)
Kisoo Park, Hasung Sim, Jonathan Leiner, Yoshiyuki Yoshida, Jaehong Jeong, Shin-ichiro Yano, Jason Gardner, Philippe Bourges, Milan Klicpera, Vladimir Sechovsky, Martin Boehm, J-G Park
J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 30, 235802 (2018) ANSTO (IF=2.332)
10Spin dynamics of edge-sharing spin chains in SrCa13Cu24O41
Guochu Deng*, Dehong Yu, Richard Mole, Ekaterina Pomjakushina, Kazimierz Conder, Michel Kenzelmann, Shin-ichiro Yano, Chin-Wei Wang, Kirrily C. Rule, Jason S. Gardner, Huiqian Luo, Shiliang Li, Clemens Ulrich, Paolo Imperia, Wei Ren, Shixun Cao, and Garry J. McIntyre
Phys. Rev. B 98, 184411 (2018) ANSTO (IF=3.813)
11In operando detection of lithium diffusion behaviors at low temperature in 18650 Li-ion battery anode
Chun-Ming Wu*, Chia-Chin Chang, Maxim Avdeev, Ping-I. Pan, Wen-Hsien Li
Physica B: Condensed Matter 551 (2018) 305 ANSTO (IF=1.374)
12Invariant incommensurate coherence length in spin-density-wave excitation of Cr0.99Fe0.11
Haruhiro Hiraka*, Shin-ichiro Yano, Tatsuo Fukuda
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 469, 629-632 (2019) ANSTO (IF=2.717)
13Colossal barocaloric effects in plastic crystals
Bing Li*, Yukinobu Kawakita, Seiko Ohira-Kawamura, Takeshi Sugahara, Hui Wang, Jingfan Wang, Yanna Chen, Saori I. Kawaguchi, Shogo Kawaguchi, Koji Ohara, Kuo Li, Dehong Yu, Richard Mole, Takanori Hattor, Tatsuya Kikuchi, Shin-ichiro Yano, Zhao Zhang, Zhe Zhang, Weijun Ren, Shangchao Lin, Osami Sakata, Kenji Nakajima and Zhidong Zhang
Nature 567, 506 (2019) ANSTO (IF=41.577)
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